Fortifications @en

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Military defense works from the 12th to the 19th centuries: blockhouses, castles, citadels, forts, fortresses, fortifications, fortified towns, sluice bridges, medieval towns.
  • Blockhouse

    Small, isolated, single-block structure, component part of the line of defence.
  • Castle

    Fortified architecture surrounded by ramparts and inhabited mainly by nobles in mediaeval Europe.
  • Cave

    Natural excavation in sandstone used for the extraction of quartz.
  • Citadel

    Fort or fortress overlooking a town, whose job was to keep watch and defend against outside incursions.
  • Fort

    Fortified structure built as of the end of the 19th century and until the 1930s.
  • Fortified Gate

    Main point of admission to the town surrounded by ramparts and bastions.
  • Fortified Town

    Site of a garrison town defended by fortifications.
  • Fortress

    Fortified site organised for the defence of a town.
  • Religious Building

    Religious architecture which displays exceptional characteristics.
  • Sluice Bridge

    Defensive sluice that protected the bypass channel, intended to contain recurrent flooding by rivers.

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    Citadel of Bitche

    Go trough the underground passages and relive the 1870 exceptional siege thanks to the film “the besieged fortress”. The garrison’s chapel, the history museum and the 13 audio-visual stops will complete your visit. Opening Hours : March 23 – October 20   Mon-Sat 10:00am – 5:00 pm / Summer Opening Hours : July – August  10:00am […]

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    Fort of Simserhof

    Visit  this unconquerable fort situated  35 meters underground. In this vestige of the Maginot line, discover every day life in this work and its  876-soldier crew who withstood terrible attacks. Opening Hours : March 15 – November 15, 2013 Tues – Sun 10:00 am- 5:00 pm (reservations highly recommended, compulsory for groups) / Summer Opening […]

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    Fortress of Homburg with sandstones caves

    Discover the largest multicoloured sandstone caves in Europe over twelve floors beneath the ruins of the ancient fortress. Europe’s largest red sandstone caves with enormous domed halls and kilometre long passages on 12 levels, one above the other. The caves formed part of the Hohenburg castle, demolished in 1714, and were rediscovered in 1930. They […]

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    Fortified town of Longwy

    Built in 1679 after Vauban’s drawings at Louis XIV’s request, registered on the list of Unesco World Heritage, discover the “Porte de France”, the siege well, St Dagobert’s church, the army bakery… Guided tour of the fortifications of Vauban Throughout the tourist season, on Wednesdays, Fridays, Sundays and public holidays, you can join a tour […]

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    Porte de France

    Admire this richly carved monumental gate with a bascule bridge and a fixed bridge.

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    Bock rock

    Guided Wenzel Walk This tour through time and space shows you 1000 years of history! Rated “outstanding cultural itinerary” by the Council of Europe, the walk crosses the famous Bock casemates, connects the upper and lower town and offers amazing views on the fortress ramparts. You’ll discover the “Bock” promontory, the old town, the Wenceslas […]

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    Bock and Petrusse blockhouses

    Registered on the list of Unesco World Heritage, visit these unique underground galleries that  have transformed the city  into one of the highest places in the world. Bock blockhouse : open  until  early November  every day    10:00 am -  5:00 pm. Petrusse blockhouse : open every day / tour guides (every hour)  11:00am – 4:00 […]

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    Fortified town of Marsal

    Visit this former salt-producing town  used from the Bronze Age  to the middle of the 17th century; it was fortified by Vauban due  to its strategic location. Discover the “Porte de France”, headquarters of the regional Salt museum, the barracks and the salted pond path.  

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    Porte de France

    Admire the architecture of this defensive gate, main entrance to the stronghold, and the alignment of the three remaining barracks. Also visit the Salt museum, retracing its history from the Bronze Age on. Winter Opening Hours : October 1 – March 31 : Tues – Sun : 9:30am – noon and 2:00pm – 6:00pm / […]